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International cybersecurity Congress was one of the key events in the sphere of cybersecurity, and became an international cross-sectoral platform for discussion among representatives of public authorities, world business leaders and prominent experts of the most serious and actual questions of security and defense against cyber threats in the current era of global cyber transformation.
2500 delegates arrived at the forum this year, and the program consisted of more than 60 conferences and speeches. Congress participants had a unique opportunity for discussions, sharing opinions and creating new relationships. To members’ and organizers’ opinion the main motto of the event must have been the “increase of trust, the expansion of collaborations and partnership”.
An opening plenary – The road to cyber-resilience – a walk together?
Nowadays global world net is a world where more than 4 billion people live. It creates a cyber-personality/a profile, which acts in ways that we earlier had only in reality. For younger generations the cyber world became the main platform for relations – it is faster, full of information and opens a variety of opportunities for self-development. At the same time this world is fragile – security strategies have been created in many centuries but we are only at the beginning of our way. How can we protect protect new digital world against cyber threats? Is it a task for each state or a challenge for the whole world? What way should we choose?
Misha Glenny (a journalist, leading expert on cyber security) was the moderator of the first section.
The question put on the first poll was formulated in this way: who is responsible for cybersecurity in using foreign services?
The answers divided in this way:
- State – 17%
- Companies-users – 42%
- Users – 41%
The first speaker Konstantin Noskov (the Minister of Cyber development, Telecommunications and Mass Communications, the Russian Federation) would have chosen the first and the third variants. He noticed that being a person he is responsible for all the actions he does. But being a minister he would go for the situation when the government takes all the responsibilities. The truth can be somewhere in the middle.
He pointed out that the can people see how the Huawei story goes. The principal threat consists not of individual hackers but in monopoly of separate products all over the world. The world has a monopoly on searching engines with social networks. It is the main threat for cybersecurity in the world.
The Minister told the participants about active development of idea of import substitution, though it is not supposed to be the main goal as there is not any government which would be in condition of providing the development of infrastructure itself. That’s why it is necessary to create new partnerships.
The moderator Misha Glenny asked a question if the minister of cyber security thinks that in case if China and USA don’t give up these monopolies voluntarily, will Russia or other countries with EU be able to create their own product to change it?
According to Konstantin Noskov, China is not a monopolist, - it is an active developer of inner resources. There is a strong base of IT-specialists in Russia, among which there are own search engines professionals and own social networks specialists. We can face the same situation in all the countries, where more than 30 millions of Russian-speaking people live. Minister noted that the initiative of Russian “closed Internet” is not more than a title from newspapers.
The biggest risk which can exist is the “blackout” of Russia from the global net, that’s why all the developers’ efforts are devoted to insurance in case of successful realization of the project.
Then came D-r Omer Fatih Sayan, Vice-Minister of Transport and Infrastructure of Turkey.
Glenny: “You live in a busy region. You must have a colossal number of challenges. How do you deal with them?”
D-r Omer Fatih Sayan said that a person who lives in the century of cyber transformation should make more efforts in the area of cyber economy. More than 70% percent of population of Turkey has Internet access at home.
The process of providing cybersecurity becomes an important factor which has a big influence on general States’ well-being and achievement of a certain level of socio-economic growth. The harm caused by cybercrimes is growing rapidly. As the result – it is necessary to develop new ways and tools, understand the importance of international partnership. According to Sayan’s words, the attackers have their advantages – they are anonymous. They use a complicated Internet structure and attack from the countries which do not have good relationships with each other. The speaker considers realization of international research to be the most important aspect, especially for cyber analysis. Specialists can do a lot in this area.
Sayan also stated that cyber security is an international mission. First of all, the State must be responsible for security of ordinary people in the cyberspace. It is necessary to work out a relevant legislation. If the process of international partnership and collective work doesn’t exist it will be impossible to create the platform with cybersecurity.
Glenny mentioned that in 90% infrastructure is private property. There followed a question if it was possible to create partnership between the State and private sector. D-r Omer Fatih Sayan stated that there were more than 1200 teams established that work on the major program, created by the State. Analytical programs make the most important part of this system. Turkey is the member of a big range of international organizations (UN, OECD, NATO), it organizes cyber education within the process of relationship and is ready to maximize programs with countries all over the world.
Misha Glenny addressed the following question to Hans-Wilhelm Dunn, the President of Cybersecurity Council of Germany. The question of intervention of cyber attacks into state business, elections, influence on different processes is actively discussed in the world. How can we prevent it?
To Dunn’s opinion, cybersecurity is a very popular theme – all the leaders talk about its importance, a lot of conferences on this theme took place where problems of this kind were discussed. Unfortunately, having come home the specialists did nothing – “we shouldn’t separate this theme from everyday duties. There is lack of more than 3 million specialists on cybersecurity but nobody wants to look into this theme”.
A German company is very easy to attack. “All is needed is a couple thousand dollars and big economy structure will become vulnerable. The problem is the State needs 218 days to understand that it had been attacked”
Glenny asked if Hans-Wilhelm Dunn says the UN to be the central organization where it is possible to establish the system of cybersecurity certification. Dunn stated that international partnership is international safety. There exist separate national strategies but the Internet doesn’t have any borders.
Vladislav Onishchenko, the Head of the Analytical Center under the Government of the Russian Federation, started his speech making an point on the affirmation that all the countries are interested in the idea of the Internet to be more stable.
In the national program of Russian Federation a lot of attention is paid to cybersecurity.
To Vladislav Onishchenko’s opinion, the construction of “national security wall” will lead to more vulnerability. He mentioned that in constant war between cybercriminals and defenders we will always fall behind. If tomorrow the 5G and machine learning go on developing, artificial intellect and big data will be implied, there will appear a question about cross-border transactions and translations. Industrial safety is under threat now.
Talking about international partnership Vladislav Onishchenko couldn’t help mentioning that the states will be looking forward to using data of each other. It is necessary to have open space, data sharing, legal basis for long-term partnership, though it is still the question of trust; in these conditions there is still need for greater openness so people could be better protected on the Net.
The last speaker was Jürgen Storbeck, Director, Europol (1999-2005). The first thing he pointed out was the lack of political awareness: there are national and global approaches. He told that in discussing the questions of cybersecurity as the way of prevention of problems. There exists A Budapest Convention 2001 and there aren’t any legal documents apart from it. People live in a kind of Wild West (talking about legal field). According to Storbeck’s opinion the UN’s system is uniting and Interpol is one of the most important parts of the process though these organizations don’t have the right to regulate processes in international community. There also exist customs offices and all these organizations and companies must interact with each other, otherwise the process of dealing with such questions will be kept on national level.
The speaker also said that the damage from cyber-attacks in Germany was more than 60 billion euro but nowadays it is impossible to understand the real scale of damage as all the companies are afraid to lose their reputation talking about such issues. Jürgen Storbeck agreed with other speakers in the idea of having an open platform for sharing information and data in order to provide the capability for instant reaction.