Actual: Products of Digitalization in Agriculture
24 April 2020

The development of business plans, search for funding, and participation in scientific conferences - this is an approximate list of tasks that a modern farmer-entrepreneur should perform. With the development of digitalization, a number of innovations have also affected the agricultural sector. Among the new products, these are the five most interesting.

The first is IoT platforms. Today, the Internet is used to transmit information from sensors to agribusiness management centers, which operate even in remote regions with a weak mobile signal. Among the advantages are the lower cost of deploying IoT networks, the ability to use a single battery charge for several years to operate sensors, fast speed of the base station device, and timely transmission of information to the control center about the state of the climate, temperature, and humidity.

Next - container farms with digital management, the main advantage of which is the ability to remotely monitor its condition - soil moisture, water supply, and air temperature on the farm. Digital management also makes it possible not to carry out daily maintenance of the farm. The only thing that such a module needs is power supply and the availability of mobile communications to transmit data to the operator.

Technology to increase yields by 30% is a new technology for ultra-precise calculation of the desired dose of fertilizers based on soil composition, which allows farmers to identify the most important food elements for crops on all phases of plant growth, and also takes temperature and rainfall into account when calculating the doses of fertilizers. 

It is important not only to grow a quality crop, but also to sell it profitably. The solution is trading platforms for wholesale and purchase of agricultural products. This online service uses a special IT platform to help small farms deliver their products to both restaurants and retailers. It helps to optimize the infrastructure of product deliveries, as there is direct interaction between farmers and retailers, which contributes to higher revenue for the agricultural producer.

Today, digitalization of the agricultural sector is still under development. According to experts of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the lack of mechanisms for large-scale implementation of technologies and the inability to timely introduce startups into existing businesses are the main problems of entrepreneurship in the field of agriculture. The solution should be the formation of an ecosystem in this production sector with an emphasis on creating conditions for attracting investment in startups.

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