The Republic of India

The Republic of India is a country in the South Asia and borders to Pakistan in the West, China, Nepal and Bhutan in the Northeast, Bangladesh and Myanmar in the East. Also the country has maritime boundaries with the Maldives, Sri Lanka and Indonesia.

The area of ​​India is 3,287,263 square kilometers, the country is divided into 29 states and 7 union territories, the capital is New Delhi.

The population is 1 329 356 004 people. The official languages ​​are Hindi and English. India is a federal state.

Over the past two decades, the average annual GDP growth was 5.5%, which made the Indian economy one of the fastest growing economies in the world. India has the world's second largest workforce that makes 516.3 million people.

The agricultural sector makes the 28% of GDP; the sector of services and industry, respectively, the 54% and 18%. Among the main crops are rice, wheat, cotton, jute, tea, sugar cane and potatoes. The main industries are automotive, chemical, cement, consumer electronics production, food processing, mechanical engineering, mining, oil, pharmaceutical, metalworking and textile. Along with rapid economic growth, the need for energy resources has increased significantly. India ranks sixth in the world in oil consumption and third in coal consumption.


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